Born in the southern Indian state of Kerala in 1935, Ramachandran received a Master's degree in Malayalam literature from Kerala University in 1957. He joined Kala Bhavana at Viswa Bharati University (founded by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore in Santiniketan, West Bengal ) to study art under masters like Ramkinkar Baij and Benodebehari Mukherjee. The cultural and intellectual milieu of Santiniketan drew him closer to the art traditions of India and other eastern civilizations and began his lifelong research on mural paintings of Kerala temples. He joined Jamia Millia University at New Delhi as a lecturer in art education in 1965. He continued to work here for the next twenty eight years as a Professor and Head developing the department. It has become an important art department of India. He took voluntary retirement from teaching in 1992 to devote all his time to his creative pursuits. His first solo exhibition was at Kumar Gallery, New Delhi in 1966. Since then, he has held more than fifteen large solo exhibitions of paintings, sculptures, water-colors, graphics and drawings in major Indian cities. These include two retrospective exhibitions in 1978 ( New Delhi ) and 1983 (Mumbai). In 2003, the National Gallery of Modern Art (New Delhi) honored the artist by organizing a major retrospective of his works executed during the last four decades or so. A comprehensive two-volume book documenting and analyzing his works was also released. He has represented Indian contemporary art in many significant group exhibitions in India and elsewhere, namely, Indian Triennales I, II, III and V (New Delhi), Contemporary Indian Painting', Japan -1970, Brazil and Venezuela-1971, USA-1973, Yugoslavia, Poland, Bulgaria and Belgium-1974), Menton Biennale (France-1974) and 'Festival of India' exhibitions (London and Oxford-1982, Switzerland-1987).